Braudel, Fernand

(1902-85)
A leading member of the Annales School of French history, best known for his magnum opus The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II (1949), although hisCapitalism and Material Life, 1400-1800 (1967) is more accessible to sociologists.
Braudel's monumental studies of nascent capitalism are replete with typologies of economies and cultures. However, the organizing principle of his work was a distinction between different levels of historical time within which change takes place at different speeds, most notably the threefold distinction betweenhistoire événementielle, histoire conjoncturelle, and histoire structurale. ‘History’, he claimed, ‘exists at different levels … On the surface the history of events works itself out in the short term; it is a sort of micro-history. Halfway down, a history of conjunctures follows a broader, slower rhythm. So far that has above all been studied in its developments on the material plane, in economic cycles and intercycles … And over and above the “recitatif” of the conjuncture, structural history, or the history of the longue durée, inquires into whole centuries at a time … It functions along the border between the moving and the immobile, and because of the long-standing stability of its values, in appears unchanging when compared with all the histories which flow and work themselves out more swiftly, and which in the final analysis gravitate around it’ (On History, 1980). The last of these generates a ‘geohistory’ of the environment for which Braudel is best known, a history of material life, consisting of ‘repeated actions, empirical processes, old methods and solutions handed down from time immemorial, like money or the separation of town from country’.
Although Braudel was a major influence on world-systems theory, his work has been criticized by some for its imprecision as regards causality, and by others for its implicit historical materialism.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Braudel, Fernand — ▪ French historian and educator in full  Fernand Paul Braudel  born Aug. 24, 1902, Luméville, France died Nov. 28, 1985, Haute Savoie       French historian and author of several major works that traversed borders and centuries and introduced a… …   Universalium

  • Braudel, Fernand — (1902 1985)    historian    A leading proponent of the Annales school of historiography, Fernand Braudel was born in Lunéville en Ornois, Meuse. Educated at the sor bonne, he was a student of lucien febvre and was a professor at the collège de… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Braudel — Braudel, Fernand …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Fernand Braudel — (August 24 1902 ndash;November 27 1985), was the foremost French historian of the postwar era, and a leader of the Annales School. He organized his scholarship around three great projects, each worth several decades of intense study: The… …   Wikipedia

  • Braudel — Fernand Braudel Fernand Braudel Nom de naissance Fernand Braudel Naissance 24 août 1902 Luméville en Ornois (Meuse) Décès 27 novembre 1985 (à 83 ans) Cluses (Haute Savoie) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fernand Braudel — Nom de naissance Fernand Braudel Naissance 24 août 1902 Luméville en Ornois (Meuse) Décès 27 novembre 1985 (à 83 ans) Cluses (Haute Savoie) Nationalité …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Braudel — (Fernand) (1902 1985) historien français. Analyste de la longue durée, il considère l événement comme l écume de l histoire: écrits sur l histoire (1969), Civilisation matérielle, économie et capitalisme, XVe XVIIIe siècles (1979); l Identité de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fernand Braudel — (* 24. August 1902 in Luméville en Ornois, heute Gondrecourt le Château, Département Meuse; † 28. November 1985 in Cluses, Département Haute Savoie) war ein französischer Historiker der Annales Schule. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • BRAUDEL (F.) — Fernand BRAUDEL 1902 1985 La personnalité de ce Lorrain, né à Lunéville en Ornois (Meuse) le 24 août 1902, a été à la fois celle d’un grand universitaire et d’un historien exceptionnel. Agrégé d’histoire à vingt et un ans, professeur aux lycées… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Fernand Braudel — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Fernand Braudel (Lumeville en Ornois, Francia, 24 de agosto de 1902 – Haute, Francia, 27 de noviembre de 1985) fue un historiador francés que revolucionó la historiografía del siglo XX, al considerar los efectos de… …   Wikipedia Español

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